Coffee Growing Regions of Brazil

Brazil's coffee industry is enormous and truly unique, with over 300,000 producers and roughly 20 different regions with distinct microclimates, that grow and process coffee in different ways. The result is an impressive range of delicious aromas and flavours that will accommodate all coffee enthusiasts.

The best Brazilian coffee is grown artisanally, in small family-owned farms in the regions located in south-eastern portion of the country within the states of Minas Gerais and São Paulo, where the climate, altitude and terroir are ideal for growing coffee.

Below is an overview of some of Brazil's most prominent coffee-growing regions:

Sul de Minas

One of the most traditional coffee-growing areas of Brazil, and undoubtedly the largest coffee producing region in the world yielding approximately 11 million bags of coffee every season. Despite the enormous volumes, most of the farms are small to medium-sized and grown other products alongside coffee. Fruit, dairy, and livestock are amongst the most common. The terrain range from low-ground meadows to beautiful rollings hills and breathtaking mountain ranges.

Altitude850-1400m
Avg. temperature23°C
Avg. rainfall1600mm
Common varietalsCatuaí, Icatu, Acaiá, Catucaí, Yellow Bourbon
TerroirTropical Atlantic forest vegetation, mild climate throughout the year. Distinct dry and wet seasons. Fertile and rich soils. Landforms: mostly ridges and mountains.

Sul de Minas Region Map

Mogiana

Mogiana is one of the oldest and most highly-developed coffee-producing regions in Brazil. Located in Southeast of the country, in the northern part of the state of São Paulo. Mogiana is supported by well-established infrastructure, qualified labour, research facilities, and the latest farming technologies. The region is home to vast coffee well-known coffee states, but most of the farms are small to medium-scale.

Altitude900-1100m
Avg. temperature20°C
Avg. rainfall1700mm
Common varietalsMundo Novo, Catuaí, Obatan
TerroirTropical Atlantic forests. Fertile red soil. Subtropical humid climate, with warm and humid summers and dry winters. Landform: high plateau.

Alta Mogiana Region Map

Mantiqueira de Minas (Serra da Mantiqueira)

The most awarded coffee producing region of Brazil, and also the highest in average elevation. Serra da Mantiqueira is a mountain range with spectacular surroundings, located in in the Southeast of the country. Most of the coffee is grown artisanally on small family-owned farms on the mountain slopes. This region has a perfect combination of mountain climate and soil fertility that results in high-quality coffee.

Altitude900-1400m
Avg. temperature19°C
Avg. rainfall1500mm
Common varietalsBourbon, Acaiá, Catuaí, Icatu, Mundo Novo, Catucaí
TerroirHigh-mountain tropical Atlantic forest, grasslands, and rocky outcrops. Mild climate with pleasant days and cold nights. Landform: mostly mountain terrain.

Mantiqueira de Minas Region Map

Cerrado (Cerrado de Minas)

A highly mechanised coffee producing region, located in the north-west of Minas Gerais State, Southeast Brazil. Cerrado is a Brazilian biome similar to a savannah, which covers a large area of central Brazil. The region is known for its intense sun, heat, and porous sandy soil. Irrigation is crucial. Most of the farms are located in flat terrain allowing for mechanical irrigation and harvesting.

Altitude800-1300m
Avg. temperature25°C
Avg. rainfall1650mm
Common varietalsMundo Novo, Catuaí Vermelho
TerroirSemi-humid tropical climate and typically hot. Dispersed trees and shrubs, small palms, and coarse grass. Distinct wet and dry seasons with hot and humid summers, and mild and dry winters. Landform: mostly flat terrain with sparse rolling hills

Cerrado de Minas Region Map

Matas de Minas Gerais

A region known for dense forest vegetation. Located within the boundaries of the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, in Southeast Brazil. The coffee is grown artisanally due to the rugged terrain. Most of the farms are small (less than 20 hectares) and family-owned.

Altitude500-1200m
Avg. temperature18°C
Avg. rainfall1500mm
Common varietalsMundo Novo, Catuaí
TerroirDense Atlantic forest vegetation. Fertile red soil. Tropical humid climate and gently warm. Landform: mostly rugged hills.

Matas de Minas Region Map

Montanhas do Espírito Santo

Considered the most scenic and charming coffee-producing region in the world. Located in Southeast Brazil, in the State of Espírito Santo. The coffee is grown artisanally on small family-owned farms on beautiful mountain slopes. Home of the rare and exotic Jacu Bird Coffee, produced from coffee beans extracted from the droppings of a native and endangered pheasant-like bird called the Jacu.

Altitude700-1000m
Avg. temperature21°C
Avg. rainfall1300mm
Common varietalsMundo Novo, Catuaí
TerroirAtlantic forest and green valleys. Mild, uniform climate throughout the year. Wet summers and drier winters. Landform: mostly mountainous terrain

Montanhas do Espirito Santo Region Map

Planalto de Vitória da Conquista

Known for its late harvest (starting in August) and high quality washed coffees. Located in Northeast Brazil, in the south-east of Bahia State. The region offers plenty of natural water springs, used for mechanical irrigation, which compensates for the dry climate. Some experts consider Planalto de Vitória da Conquista the best coffee terroir in Brazil, rivalling Sul de Minas and Serra da Mantiqueira.

Altitude700-1000m
Avg. temperature21°C
Avg. rainfall1300mm
Common varietalsCatuaí
TerroirSavannah-like vegetation. Low trees and scrubs, some grasslands and palm trees. Fertile red/yellow soil. Dry tropical climate. Hot dry summers, rainy colder winters. Landform: elevated plateau surrounded by beautiful valleys.

Planalto de Vitoria da Conquista Region Map

Norte Pioneiro do Paraná

The world’s southernmost coffee-producing region, and one of the few areas in the world producing high-quality coffee at lower altitudes. Located in South of Brazil, in the northern part of Paraná State. The combination of altitude, climate, and medium-low latitude provides for a longer period between flowering and maturation, which allows for the more intense development of flavours

Altitude500-900m
Avg. temperature19°C
Avg. rainfall1300mm
Common varietalsMundo Novo, Catuaí
TerroirBrazilian Pine forests and prairies. Fertile red soil. Subtropical climate with hot summers and cold winters. Landform: mostly undulating flat terrain.

Norte Pioneiro do Parana Region Map